clinical decision support


InSPECt: Interactive Surveillance Portal for Evaluating Clinical Decision Support

K22 LM011430 (PI – Allison B. McCoy, PhD 2013-2016) Effectively evaluating the appropriateness of clinical decision support alerts and responses is critical to improving patient safety through health information technology. This proposal will develop novel, semi- automated methods to facilitate such evaluations in both ambulatory and community hospital settings with […]


Improving Clinical Decision Support Reliability using Anomaly Detection Methods

R01 LM011966 (PI – Adam Wright, PhD  2014-2018) Clinical decision support systems, such as drug-interaction alerts and preventive care reminders, when used effectively, have been shown to the quality, safety and efficiency of care. However, such systems are complex and sometimes fail – these failures are often not noticed for […]


Clinical Decision Support Alert Appropriateness: A Review and Proposal for Improvement

BACKGROUND: Many healthcare providers are adopting clinical decision support (CDS) systems to improve patient safety and meet meaningful use requirements. Computerized alerts that prompt clinicians about drug-allergy, drug-drug, and drug-disease warnings or provide dosing guidance are most commonly implemented. Alert overrides, which occur when clinicians do not follow the guidance […]


Clinical Decision Support for Colon and Rectal Surgery: An Overview

Clinical decision support (CDS) has been shown to improve clinical processes, promote patient safety, and reduce costs in healthcare settings, and it is now a requirement for clinicians as part of the Meaningful Use Regulation. However, most evidence for CDS has been evaluated primarily in internal medicine care settings, and […]


State of the Art in Clinical Informatics: Evidence and Examples

OBJECTIVE: The field of clinical informatics has expanded substantially in the six decades since its inception. Early research focused on simple demonstrations that health information technology (HIT) such as electronic health records (EHRs), computerized provider order entry (CPOE), and clinical decision support (CDS) systems were feasible and potentially beneficial in […]


Key principles for a national clinical decision support knowledge sharing framework: synthesis of insights from leading subject matter experts

OBJECTIVE: To identify key principles for establishing a national clinical decision support (CDS) knowledge sharing framework. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of an initiative by the US Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) to establish a framework for national CDS knowledge sharing, key stakeholders were identified. Stakeholders’ […]


Development and evaluation of a comprehensive clinical decision support taxonomy: comparison of front-end tools in commercial and internally-developed electronic health record systems

BACKGROUND: Clinical decision support (CDS) is a valuable tool for improving healthcare quality and lowering costs. However, there is no comprehensive taxonomy of types of CDS and there has been limited research on the availability of various CDS tools across current electronic health record (EHR) systems. OBJECTIVE: To develop and […]


Comparison of clinical knowledge management capabilities of commercially-available and leading internally-developed electronic health records

BACKGROUND: We have carried out an extensive qualitative research program focused on the barriers and facilitators to successful adoption and use of various features of advanced, state-of-the-art electronic health records (EHRs) within large, academic, teaching facilities with long-standing EHR research and development programs. We have recently begun investigating smaller, community […]